Friday, September 14, 2012

0177. Estonia - Käsmu Lighthouse

The Käsmu Lighthouse is located just off the beach in Käsmu.  It is one of few wooden lighthouses in the Eastern Estonia, in the region known historically as VironiaThe Lighthouse is operated by the Estonian Maritime Administration. 

Käsmu men launched their local ship construction business during 1891.  To facilitate the movement of ship(s) in the region, the light beacon was built during that time.  Käsmu bay was one of the major ports for wintering, in some years of 60-70 ships.

The height of the Lighthouse was 8.2 meters and its visibility 6 miles.  Starting from 1900, the Käsmu Lighthouse worked with a blinking light.  In 1923, a signal mast was erected at the back of the Lighthouse for sending storm warnings to ships at sea.  The Lighthouse escaped without any damage both from World War I and II.  

With its green, white and red lights, it gave the opportunity of safe entry into Käsmu Bay where ships could find shelter in stormy weather.  Käsmu Bay, for centuries, was considered the best shelter on the Tallinn-Narva shipping route.  In 1993, burning a light in the Lighthouse stopped and the Käsmu Lighthouse remained in the maritime register as a Day-Light until 2004 when it was removed from the navigation aids database.  The unique structure of the Lighthouse survives as a cultural heritage monument in the landscape.  The Lighthouse celebrates its 120th year in 2012.

The wooden Käsmu Lighthouse was commemorated by Eesti Post with the release of 0.45 euro stamp on 13-Sep-2012.  This is the 22nd stamp in the Eesti Post's Lighthouse Stamp Series. 

Established in 1892, the Käsmu Lighthouse:
  • Tower is 2-storey WOOD building
  • Tower painted WHITE
  • Height is 7 metres
  • LIGHT is shown through a window
  • Lighthouse deactivated in 1990

Write-up source : Eesti Post...

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